In other words, if someone voluntarily puts themselves in a position where they know that harm could occur, then they are unable (allowed) to bring an action against the other party in tort (a violation of the law). Legal maxims are established legal principles that are generally accepted, and people in the legal field are well aware of these words. These are mainly Latin words or a combination of a few words. I am glad that these legal maxims and their meaning have helped you. 98. Pacta Sunt Servanda – Agreements must be respected. Or the agreements are legally binding. In other words, obiter dictum means “what is said in passing,” a flippant statement. In particular, in the law, it refers to a passage of a judicial opinion that is not necessary for the resolution of the dispute pending before the court. Such statements have no precedent, but can still be important. 67. Jus naturale – Natural law.

Or in other words, a legal system based on fundamental ideas of right and wrong, which is natural law. 53. Ignorantia juris non excusat – ignorance of the law is no excuse. Or ignorance of the law excuses no one. In other words, a person who does not know a law cannot escape responsibility for the violation of that law simply because he did not know its contents. Or leave the main answer. In other words, it means holding the employer or client legally liable for the illegal acts of an employee or representative in connection with an employment or agency. Read with IPC sections 154 and 155. 89. Nemo moriturus praesumitur mentire – A man will not meet his Creator (God) with a lie in his mouth. Or, in other words, “It is believed that no man lies at the moment of death.” This maxim refers to the declaration of death. According to Wikipedia, this is a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences (or status) of acts that were committed, or relationships that existed before the law was enacted.

In criminal law, it can criminalize acts that were lawful at the time they were committed; it can aggravate a crime by classifying it in a more serious category than it was when it was committed; it may amend the penalty for an offence by adding new penalties or extending sentences; Or it can change the rules of evidence to make a conviction for a crime more likely than it would have been when the crime was committed. Description The new edition of this standard reference work was created after years of meticulous research. A complete reference to the words, phrases, concepts, maxims and doctrines defined by the courts. The many words and phrases that required a judicial determination of their meaning in the various cases decided by the Supreme Court since 1950 were extracted after careful research of the jurisprudence of the past 62 years, as reported in all major legal reports. These cases occurred either in a non-legal context, or under the Constitution of India, or under a central or state law. Every effort was made to enrich the book, the case law was covered until July 2012. Special features: · Complete Supreme Court case law from 1950 to July 2012. · More than a dictionary – there are meanings that bind all courts under section 141.

· Helpful editorial notes will direct you to related documents. · Maxims and legal doctrines included. · Packed with standard quotes and cross-quotes. · The most up-to-date position clearly explained. · Elegantly produced with excellent printing on Bible paper and get up……….. 101. Per curiam (decision or opinion) – By the Tribunal. In other words, the decision is made jointly by the court (or at least by the majority of the court). 59. Allusions – Defamatory words because they have a double meaning. 93.

Nullum crimen sine lege, nulla poena sine lege – There can only be a crime or punishment in accordance with a fixed and predetermined law. In other words, there can be no punishment without law. 68. Jus necessitatis – This is the right of a person to do what is required, for which no threat of legal sanction is a deterrent. Just as in geometry, we have axioms; In law, we have legal maxims and idioms. Maxims are used in legal documents and are also required in legal exams such as CLAT, Justiz and semester exams.